A Digital Rectal Exam (DRE) is when a doctor feels the prostate through the rectal wall, by placing a gloved finger into the rectum. While a normal prostate feels smooth and rubbery, prostate cancer feels like a hard lump of plastic or wood.
Cancer can also make the prostate feel unevenly shaped. Rectal exams are important in detecting prostate cancer because for some men, the PSA may not be elevated.
This procedures involves the use of small needles to obtain tissue samples to be examined under a microscope and aid in the detection of cancer. These small needles pass through the rectal wall with the guidance of a trans rectal ultrasound (TRUS). The entire procedure takes around 10-15 minutes and local anesthesia is used.
The Prostate Cancer Centre offers an outpatient clinic with the help of EFW Radiology who perform the biopsies.
BIOPSY NOTE: EFW will be providing biopsies at PCC as determined by the urologists.
A bone scan may be done if high-risk prostate cancer is suspected. The most common place for prostate cancer to spread is to the bones.
An MRI is used in some prostate cancer research studies.
CT scanning is used in the planning of radiation treatment.
Southern Alberta Institute of Urology
Rockyview General Hospital
6500 – 7007 14 Street SW
Calgary, Alberta, T2V 1P9
Charitable #: 893376327RR0001